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Saturday, November 3, 2012
Through the turmoil and gloom of Superstorm Sandy, US economic data this week was largely a bright spot. The same cannot be said of news from Europe where better than expected economic reports of recent weeks have been dented by this week’s worsening unemployment numbers and crumbling business confidence.
Turning to Europe first and we see that unemployment has now reached yet another record. Across the Eurozone unemployment now stands at 10.6%, with a whopping 18.5 million out of work. Unemployment in Spain and Greece is above 25%. Austria has the Eurozone’s lowest unemployment rate at 4.4%.
Consumer and business confidence has fallen away dramatically, and now stand at 3 year lows. Even the ‘stronger’ economies of France, Germany, and Finland are following the downward confidence trend.
As if things aren’t bad enough in Greece already, its latest call for a further €31.5 billion in emergency funds from the Troika (EU, IMF, ECB) have been knocked back, with ministers requesting the country take further austerity measures. However, Greece will be given more time to reach targets on debt levels and ratio of debt to GDP.
In China, China’s PMI has risen above 50 for the first time since July, indicating expansion may be on the horizon. Meanwhile, the Bank of Japan has upped its monetary easing policies after industrial production fell through the floor.
In the United States, it is estimated that Superstorm Sandy will cost the US economy around 0.5% in the fourth quarter, with uninsured losses accounting for $30 billion and lost business another $20 billion. However, with infrastructure rebuilding and the clean-up required, the impact could be short lived.
On a more positive note, US non-farm payrolls increased by 171,000 in October, though the unemployment rate picked up slightly to 7.9%. Weekly initial jobless claims fell, as did the four week average (to 367,250). Home prices rose by 2% in August, the biggest gain since July 2010. Consumer confidence rose to its highest level since February 2008, and personal spending increased by 0.8% in September. Finally, US factory orders increased by 4.8% in September, the highest rise in 18 months.
On the corporate front, GM, ExxonMobil, Chevron, BP, and Shell all reported lower earnings, as corporate profits continue their downward trend at quite a pace. UBS announced 10,000 job cuts as part of its efforts to restructure its cost base.
After losing two days to Superstorm Sandy, the Dow Jones Industrial Index fell by 0.11% to close at 13,093.16, and the Nasdaq 100 by 0.36% to 2656.28. The S&P, however, managed to post a small gain of 0.16% to rest at 1414.20. In London, the FTSE 100 rose by 1% to close the week at 5868.50.
The views of business and consumers in Europe seem to be finally coming into line with my own. Confidence is falling away, as so-called stronger economies such as Germany and France begin to see a less rosy future.
Europe’s leaders have given Greece more time to hit debt to GDP targets, and yet with more austerity measures being taken, which in turn will push its GDP further negative and tax returns fall again, I see this as a very long game. Interestingly, the Troika is taking a far harder line with Greece: is this the beginning of the end game for Greece’s membership of the Euro? I believe that during the last 24 months, Europe and the world’s banks have been positioning themselves to protect against such an event. Whilst I think that, politically, for the time being Europe will want to see Greece remain, I cannot help but believe it will be Germany’s elections next year that see Europe being remoulded as the German public begin to raise concerns about continuing funding of ‘weaker’ countries.
The better and continuing improvement in the US economy is a conundrum to me, and one that I am finding hard to work out. Unemployment is stubbornly high, corporate profits are tumbling, and trade with the rest of the world falling. And yet, economic reports point to a better situation than for years. Perhaps the enormous quantitative easing programs have finally begun to work, though I feel this will lead to a rate of systemic inflation that will be unsustainable after the election. Or, perhaps, and more likely, is that consumers and businesses are spending before the impending Fiscal Cliff next year. My worst fear is that the anomalous US economy is due to a combination of both factors.
Needless to say, I am a seller into any strength in equity markets at this time.
Saturday, October 27, 2012
Whilst economic data was mostly positive this week, with the European contraction slowing and US GDP pushing forward, news from the corporate sector was largely negative and it was this that focussed most investors’ eyes.
According to official figures, it seems that the Olympic fervour I the UK managed to pull its economy round and out of recession, After three quarters of decline, its GDP grew by a far stronger than expected 1% annualised rate of growth in this year’s third quarter. However, as if to mark the fragility of this data, and the wider economy itself, the news coincided with Ford’s announcement that it is to close two plants in the UK with the loss of 1400 jobs.
From the chilly north to the warmer south, where it seems that Greece’s next bailout instalment is under threat. Greece’s austerity measures are hitting the country hard, and it is currently encountering a worse than expected recession. Though Greece’s government has cut spending and raised taxes in efforts to bring its finances under some sort of control, it is two years adrift in its budget targets and has requested additional aid from the European Commission. The situation is so bad in Greece that there are stories of doctors who have not been paid their base salaries for two months and more.
Non-payment of commitments, however, is not a problem limited to Greece. In Spain, the Valencian region owes pharmacists around six months payments for health prescriptions honoured by those pharmacies. This amounts to around €600 million, and has been earmarked to be paid from emergency funds requested from central government.
Perhaps it is stories like these that have contributed to data that shows efforts to close budget deficits by taking severe austerity measures have been counterproductive. Indeed, where budget gaps have closed most, such as Greece and Spain, the ratio of debt to GDP has actually grown.
The impact of the territorial dispute between China and Japan is beginning to hit home. Japanese exports to China fell by 14% in September compared to a year earlier as the two countries continue to argue over a group of East China Sea islands. Hardest hit sector was automobiles which saw a near 50% fall in volumes exported from Japan to China.
The best economic news came from the US, which conversely saw some poor company reports. GDP growth in the third quarter came in at 2% annualised, following the first quarter’s 2% and second quarter’s 1.3%. Demand for durable goods in September rose by 9.9%, though the volatile aircraft numbers accounted for much of this increase. New home sales saw a further rise, and stand 27% higher than a year ago. With inventories near a record low, the new homes outlook is rosy. However, tempering the general upbeat mood, first came the announcement from the Fed that it sees a slow growth trend continuing with growth in jobs set to remain sluggish. Underscoring this view was the jobs report showing the four week moving average of jobless claims rising this week.
US company reports seem to fly in the face of economic statistics.
UPS saw a fall of 56% in its third quarter earnings as the global slowdown pushed revenue lower.
Caterpillar announced a magnificent rise of 49% in its profits for the third quarter, though revenues fell by 5%, but then said it sees sales and profits falling in the coming months: again blaming the global slowdown.
Apple’s profits rose by 24%, but this was less than expected. Some analysts are now beginning to question Apple’s product mix, with its revenues and profits so reliant on just the iPhone and iPad.
The giant chemical company, DuPont, said its revenue fell 9% in the third quarter and its net income fell through the floor. It also announced a cut of 1500 jobs, or 2% of its workforce.
Over the week, the Dow Jones Industrial Index fell by 1.8% to close at 13,107.21, and the S&P by 1.48% to 1411.94. The Nasdaq 100 also fell, but by a more modest 0.46% to 2665.83, while over in London the FTSE fell by more than 1.5% to close the week at 5806.70.
I’ve been saying for some time now that it will be corporate profits that will dictate the direction of the market in the months to come. Investors are becoming used to hearing negative economic reports, and these are largely ignored with positive reports held as proof of the impending global upturn.
Try telling the Ford workers laid off this week in the UK that the economy is out of recession. Then head over the pond to DuPont, and tell its sacked workers that the economy is looking great.
We are now clearly approaching a time when slowing and falling company earnings will dictate company policy, whether that is to cut staffing levels further (how else can costs be cut now?) or to raise end prices to the consumer. Both scenarios are bad for the economy. It is my firm belief that the US economic numbers are being massaged as we move into the election, and that revisions to growth figures are likely to be seen after administrative change (or not as the case may be).
On top of these issues is the Fiscal Cliff now rapidly approaching: I may be the eternal bear, but I see very little upside to this market from current levels, though the downside risk is substantial.
Saturday, October 20, 2012
Contradictory economic data this week combined with poor earnings reports to confound market traders. After a promising first four days, US markets ended the week barely changed as Google, Microsoft, IBM, and Intel disappoint.
In Europe, Moody’s refused to follow Standard & Poors’ lead of last week when keeping its rating of Spanish government debt unchanged at Baa3 (though, like Standard & Poors’ rating, one rung above junk). Spain’s bonds continued the rally begun last week, as institutions continue to bank on a bailout followed by ECB buying of the country’s bonds. Spain’s 10 year yield has now fallen to 5.46%. However, Spain’s banks continue to suffer in one of the worst hit economies in Europe, and bad loans now account for more than 10% of all loans made by them.
Bonds continued to be in focus at another Eurozone country standing on the brink. Italy sold €18 billion of bonds at auction on Thursday, easing concerns over its ability to finance its deficit this year.
Meanwhile, Eurozone leaders have agreed to have the region’s new banking supervisor in place by next year, which may ease the provision of direct relief to ailing banks. Of some concern, however, was Moody’s warning to German banks, saying that it believes they are overexposed to troubled Eurozone nations.
In China, GDP slipped again in the third quarter, to an annualised 7.4% from the previous quarters 7.6%, though industrial production showed a surprising 9.2% year-on-year rise as exports jumped 9.9% and retail sales by 14.2%.
In the United States, housing starts are increasing at their fastest rate since mid-2008, and sales of the iPhone 5 are considered to be behind September’s rise of 1.1% in retail sales. Of more concern, and helping to spur a market sell-off of 200 points on the Dow Jones on Friday, was the jobless claims number rising by 46,000 to 388,000 after a fall of 27,000 the previous week.
On the corporate front, there are strong signs of the period of rising profits coming to an end. Microsoft (MSFT) saw its quarterly revenue and earnings fall, 8% and 22% respectively, Intel (INTC) reported a fall of 14% on its third quarter profit number, and IBM (IBM) also saw revenues fall.
Google (GOOG), not only reported rising costs denting profits in a quarter that saw revenues grow by 45% year-on-year, but also released its figures in error at midday. The move led to a hit of 9% on Google stock, before trading was suspended. Most worryingly, advertising rates fell by 15% per click from a year earlier, reflecting a trend seen across the market.
Over the week, the Dow Jones Industrial Index rose by just 0.1% to close at 13,343.51, and the S&P by 0.3% to 1433.199. The Nasdaq 100 was hit by flailing profits reports, falling 1.5% to 2678.32. In the UK, the FTSE 100 Index rose by 1.7% to stand at 5896.15.
I’ve maintained for some time that the ability to continue to cut costs to raise earnings must come to an end at some time, and I think we are on the cusp of seeing this. It is this that investors may now begin to focus on, as earnings growth drifts lower and dividend growth starts to come under pressure over the coming months.
Whilst the announcement of a new banking supervisor for the Eurozone should be welcomed, the language used in the announcement was rather ambiguous. The 11 hours of talk in Brussels led to the ‘aim’ of a legal framework for a bank supervisor to be in place by the end of the year, and ‘hopes’ that it would be up and running during 2013. The head of the ECB warned that setting up the mechanism ‘would take some time…It’s not a matter of one or two months.
Economic reports over the last couple of weeks have generally been stronger than expected, though this week’s jobless claims number was disappointing. The cynic in me would point to the political necessity of better economic news coming through, with the pre-Presidential election period notorious for such.
Certainly, better than expected numbers in Europe don’t seem to be feeding through to grass roots: just this week we have seen more demonstration in ailing European nations, and these are increasingly turning violent. Not a great indictment of the previous week’s award of the Nobel Peace Prize to the European Union for its efforts at containing and beating the European debt crisis.
Perhaps the most worrying aspect for me is the way that high levels of debt, and the supporting of that debt by central banks around the world is once more becoming accepted practice. Banks and investors are now positioning ahead of potential bailouts and the buying of bonds that would then follow by the ECB.
I see nothing but a postponing of the inevitable, and a storing up of problems for the future. When the next financial crisis hits, which surely it will, it will be more severe than any before. Investors should be prepared. In the meantime, waning profits could lead to a slow bleed downturn in stock markets.
Saturday, October 13, 2012
Economic news was mixed through the week, with the positives in Europe and the US overshadowed by a damning forecast from the IMF.
Firstly to Europe, where the EU was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for its work to contain the Eurozone debt crisis. Further positive news came when industrial activity numbers showed a second consecutive month of growth. Though output was 2.9% below the level seen at the same time last year, countries where the economy has been weakening markedly saw a bounce, with August output expanding by 1.5% over July in France and Spain, 1.7% in Italy, and a whopping 6.8% in Portugal. However, Germany’s industrial output fell by 0.4%.
On the debt front, Greece failed to agree terms with its creditors and Standard & Poors downgraded Spanish government debt to one notch above junk grade. The market expects the move will force Spain to request a bailout, which in turn will trigger buying of its bonds by the ECB, under the new unlimited bond buying program. Because of this, Spanish 10-year bonds actually saw support and the yield eased back slightly. In the United States, consumer confidence rose to the highest level since 2007, home sales improved again, and foreclosure filing numbers in California collapsed to a near 6 year low.
Perhaps the best news of all came with the release of the jobless claims numbers, which showed a fall of 30,000 to 365,000 for the week ending October 6.
Meanwhile, flying in the face of all this positive news, the IMF cut its global growth forecasts for this year and next, and warned of a greater downside risk. Its forecast for 2012 is now 3.3%, and for 2013 just 3.6%. It stressed that it sees ‘an alarmingly high’ risk of a far worse slowdown, and a near 20% chance of sub 2% growth this year and next. Within these figures is a dark forecast for the Eurozone: a contraction of 0.4% this year and a bounce of only 0.2% next. It also sees growth in the US throughout the period of no more than a shade above 2%.
Over the week, the Dow Jones Industrial Index fell by 2.1% to close at 13,328.85, and the S&P drooped by 2.2% to 1428.59. The Nasdaq 100 was worst hit, falling 3.2% to 2720.14, as Apple and Facebook moved lower. In the UK, the FTSE 100 Index dropped 1.3% to stand at 5793.32.
With demonstrations against austerity measures forced by the EU in countries such as Greece and Spain in recent weeks, some of which have turned violent, and calls for autonomy from national governments and the EU itself, it seems an inopportune moment for the EU to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. But, then, I’ve felt for a while now that the Nobel Peace Prize is a waste of time.
I have to question the growth in industrial production seen in the weakest of the Eurozone countries. Is this the beginning of a sustainable rally, or a blip in the downward lurch? We mustn’t forget that most of the austerity measures already announced don’t kick in until next year, and then the following 12 months. A ‘dead cat bounce’ is a phrase that springs to mind, particularly with Europe’s largest economy now seeing industrial contraction.
As for Standard & Poors’ downgrade of Spanish Government debt: the market reaction says all it needs to. The market expects Spain to request a bailout, and this will pave the way for buying of its debt by the ECB. Traders are positioning themselves ahead of this, buying bonds now to offload to the mug punter who comes in at the wrong level later. This mug punter, however, is the muggest of the lot: it has already said that this is exactly what it will do. Banks buy the bonds now, with money that they mostly received from the ECB and the EU to bail them out, then they wait for the Spanish bailout and the buying of bonds by the ECB to begin. They then sell the bonds to the ECB, banking a healthy profit. The ECB then gives the banks a better than average interest rate on the cash they deposit with it as part of the ‘bond sterilization program’ that goes hand in hand with its bond buying program.
Net effect? No extra cash is pumped into the economy to help it grow, the Spanish tax payer will be landed with a debt bill stretching beyond the horizon of time, Spain’s government will be forced to accede to further and deeper control by central Europe, but at least the banks will be making a bigger profit.
As for Greece’s situation: we’ve been here before. The country is a basket case, and Mother Europe will take it home from its latest shopping spree. It can’t do otherwise.
The big worry looking forward must be the way the market is beginning to accept high levels of debt as the norm. This sentiment may be good for investors in the short term, but the fall will be harder and faster when it comes.
Saturday, October 6, 2012
Despite further Eurozone and Asian economic weakness, and sovereign debt issues seemingly increasing not retracting, positive jobs and economic data from the United States and Canada through the week buoyed stock markets around the globe.
Unemployment numbers from the Eurozone continue to reach record highs. September’s rate of 11.4% across the 17 member states masks wide variations, with the worst numbers still seen in Spain, where unemployment has now hit 25.1% with over 50% of under 25’s out of work. A poll of purchasing managers by Markit showed a further economic retraction in the third quarter: if proved correct with official figures then the Eurozone will officially declared in recession.
The ECB waits to activate its bond buying program, announced last month. With the objective of pushing bond yields down and decreasing borrowing costs for the indebted Euro nations, the ECB is waiting for requests for assistance. Main target, Spain, is stalling with its politicians baulking at the requirement to give up even more fiscal and economic control to European central government. Meanwhile, mass protests in the Catalan region – one of the more prosperous regions of Spain – are calling for independence from the rest of Spain. The yield on Spain’s 10 year bonds, which had fallen from above the dangerous 7% level to nearly 5.5% after the ECB’s bond buying announcement, have risen to around 5.9%.
Greece finds its problems deepening, as the so called troika –IMF, ECB, and European Commission – have rejected part of the country’s austerity plans. Greece is due yet another round of financial aid soon, and this action could put that in jeopardy.
Over in Asia, the Asian Development Bank lowered forecasts for growth across the region, including China and India. The downward revision is dramatic, from 6.9% to 6.1% for this year, and 7.3% to 6.7% next year. It sees Chinese growth this year of 7.7%, but falling next year to 5.6%.
As if to prove the Asian Development Bank correct, Chinese service sector numbers came in weaker than expected, though this helped to lower crude oil prices (China’s oil demand is 10% of world total).
The United States, however, is bucking the trend of global weakness. The world’s largest economy has this week seen manufacturing PMI numbers and New Order figures both rebounding to growth from August’s contracting indications. Consumer confidence has risen for six weeks in a row, with sales at store open more than 12-months increasing by 3.9%. Conversely and strangely, US Factory Orders fell by 5.2% in August: something of a conundrum.
The big news came at the end of the week, with massive revisions to previously-released US unemployment figures. August’s number of payroll increase had been reported at 96,000 but has now been revised upwards to 142,000, and July’s number of 141,000 has been upped to 181,000. September’s estimated number has come in at 162,000.
Over the week, the Dow Jones Industrial Index rose by 1.3% to close at 13610.15, and the S&P slipped by 1.4% to 1460.93. The Nasdaq 100 gained a little less, just 0.4% to 2811.94, as Apple and Facebook gave away gains on Friday. In the UK, the FTSE 100 Index rose by 2.2% to stand at 5871.02.
Everywhere the economic numbers seem to be pointing to further contraction and slowdown, and rising unemployment, except in the United States.
In fact, the United States is showing remarkable resilience in the face of massive adversity elsewhere. The way markets have reacted indicates a bit of ‘laisez faire’ on the part of investors: a sense of ‘we’ve been here, seen it, done it’.
Though Spanish bond yields are again rising, the country is putting off the inevitable. This indecision by the Spanish may be more political than economic management. Can the country’s leaders really afford to cede so much to the centre, when its own regions are rising up to try to force a breakaway?
Call me a cynic, but this market seems to have gone into political phase. In the United States, economic numbers are improving rapidly and the unemployment rate has fallen from 8.3% to 7.8% as the Presidential election comes ever closer. Of course, we’ve seen revisions and revisions to numbers before: what odds on a downward lurch coming after the election? If a new President is in, it will be his fault. If Obama stays in, then what does he really care – he’ll have another four years.
In Europe, the masses are protesting against further austerity measures and centralised government, and countries like Spain and Greece are holding back the weight of pressure from its people and the European leaders to act in the manner each side wants. It’s a two way pull, which will snap at some time.
My view remains the same, there’s always calm before the storm.
Saturday, September 29, 2012
The Eurozone once more found itself at the heart of the matter this week, as concerns over rising debt and falling economic numbers marched front and centre. And marches were the order of the day in both Spain and Greece, where workers demonstrated against further austerity measures. With the honeymoon period after the ECB QE action just four weeks old, markets seem to doubt the long term effectiveness of the measures, and reacted negatively to further poor news from the region, despite China’s central bank joining in the global cash giveaway.
On Thursday Spain announced further austerity measures, confirming some already passed through into the law of the land and adding some new. The spending cuts and tax rises confirmed for 2013 now stand at €13 billion (though mostly part of the €65 billion austerity package announced earlier this year). As the announcement was made, yields on Spanish bonds, which had been falling since the ECB’s promise to buy €40 billion of member countries bonds each month, rose above 6% again. Protestors flooded the streets of Madrid, in scenes that were replicated on the streets of Athens, where a nationwide strike on Wednesday was used to protest against another €13.5 billion of austerity measures currently moving its way through the Greek parliament.
On Friday, the independent audit of Spanish banks confirmed that capital adequacy needs were in the order of €60 billion. The country has already been pledged up to €100 billion from central European coffers earlier this year to recapitalise its banking sector that is struggling under the weight of Spain’s failing property market.
Meanwhile, as Greece and Spain struggle to swim against the tide of their faltering economies and still increasing debt, economic figures from Germany paint a gloomy picture of Europe’s largest economy. Jobless claims rose for the sixth straight month and business confidence fell for the fifth month in succession.
Over in China, the economy continues to falter. From roaring strength a year ago, the pace of slowing growth is gathering. Increasing costs and a tightening export market has now begun to damage corporate profits significantly. For five months now, profits at China’s major industrial companies have been falling, and in August now stand 6.2% below a year earlier. However, China injected around $58 billion into the money market in an attempt to lower rates and spur growth.
In the United States, economic numbers have turned south again. The GDP growth in the second quarter was downwardly revised from 1.7% annualised to 1.3%, and durable goods orders fell by a whopping 13.2% in August, despite a rise in non-defence goods of 1.1%. Business activity in the US declined for the first time in three years, according to the Institute for Supply Management, with its key index falling from 53 in August to 49.7 in September indicating a marked slowdown on its way. Despite this, home prices rose by around 1.5% in July, making a 12 month gain of some 17% for new homes, and new home sales were nearly 28% up on this time last year (though August did see a small retraction from July).
Over the week, the Dow Jones Industrial Index fell by 1% to close at 13,437.13, and the S&P slipped by 1.4% to 1440.67. Technology shares were hardest hit, with the Nasdaq 100 falling by more than 2% to 2799.19. In the UK, shares as measured by the FTSE 100 Index fell by 1.9% to stand at 5742.07 at the close of business on Friday.
China’s move in the money markets has followed central bank action by the ECB, Fed, and Bank of Japan in the last few weeks. Despite huge quantitative easing programs to date, the economies of both the US and Europe have failed to show consistent and sustainable progress to growth. Indeed, the announcement of a sizeable downward revision in second quarter US growth figures indicate the precarious situation that the world’s largest economy is in.
QE has, in fact, done little else other than help house prices recover in the US. This has fed through to some better consumer confidence numbers, but the follow through to sales has not been robust enough to promote a marked turnaround. Hence unemployment continues to hold stubbornly high.
Governments – both local and central – around the world will continue to be forced to cut spending and raise taxes in efforts to bring debt under control. QE is merely a ‘papering over the cracks’ exercise that will increase pent up inflation - already being seen in US housing stats – and delay the inevitable.
The European Finance Ministers’ meeting on October 8th, when Greece’s request to delay the meeting of its budget targets by another two years will be discussed, could prove important in the short term market momentum. I expect the meeting to ratify Greece’s request, with a stern warning of dire consequences should the budget deficit reduction target not be met in two years. Markets may move higher in the short term on the back of any such announcement, but without solid financial proof of an improving debt and economic situation in Europe, the inevitable is just being delayed.
Equity markets have trod water for several years, though the waves have been choppy. I expect they will continue to do so as corporate profits, which have been bolstered by job cuts and cost cutting measures, are squeezed over the coming years. It would not surprise to see dividend growth slowing and equity valuations react accordingly.
Wednesday, September 26, 2012
After their rally through September, Facebook shares have slipped away again. Not surprising really. They were overpriced by quite some margin going into the IPO, and are still around 45% below the public offer price of £38.
Unfortunately the price was ramped by greed, corruption, and fraud going into the IPO. In fact, the stock price has been overplayed for a good few years. In my opinion its still a deal higher than fundamentals and the business dictate.
Brokers made hundreds of millions from dealing Facebook shares before you even got a look in. Friends of the firm made even more. Facebook didn't tell you about its waning advertising revenue. Investment advisers never questioned the numbers. All the insiders with influence sold a bucket load of shares to the public, and increased those numbers just before the issue. It was a great marketing job.
But the real story began in 2007, when ex-employee Vince Thompson wanted to sell his shares. So a new market opened up that would allow billions to be made from deceit, lies, and even thin air!
Read all about it:
|Buy the book here|
Sunday, September 23, 2012
As widely forecast last week, the Bank of Japan followed the lead of the ECB and the Fed by announcing an increase in its quantitative easing program. The world’s markets are now in a phase of treading water as they wait to see what effect the massive proposed injection of cash around the globe will have.
Over the last three weeks the ECB has announced a never ending bond buying program, and the Fed that it will buy $40 billion of mortgage backed securities every month with a ‘zero’ interest rate policy through to 2015: the so called QE3 Program. Now the BoJ has increased its own asset buying program to 80 trillion Yen form 70 trillion, and extended it through to the end of 2013.
Recent economic figures for Japan have pointed to a marked slowdown in activity, and a worsening of its trade balance. The BoJ move has been taken in an attempt to stimulate the economy and force its exports up by driving the value of the Yen down.
Meanwhile, markets ignore the latest statistical releases as being lagging and historic, taken before the actions of the triumvirate of the world’s dominant central banks.
In China, manufacturing PMI data has now shown a decrease in activity for 11 straight months.
Economic releases were somewhat mixed in Europe. The PMI for manufacturing and services across the Eurozone fell once more, to stand at 45.9 in September. However, the trade surplus grew in July and wages are rising. These last numbers were taken before the summer period that has seen German industrial activity slide, and the world economy decline. It’s likely that slowing world demand will damage export numbers for the region.
In the UK, recession is biting into government finances hard. August’s budget deficit was the largest on record as spending on welfare ballooned and tax revenue shrank.
In the United States, the housing market continues to respond to stimulus. Housing starts rose by 2.2% in August from July, and sales of previously owned homes rocketed by 7.8%. Overall, sales were 9.3% higher than the same period last year.
With central bank stimulus growing, and the winter period drawing close, it might be expected that oil prices would rise again. However, after touching $100 per barrel last week, crude futures retreated to $93. The fall has been attributed to a lack of conviction that central bank action will have a lasting impact and a rise in supplies as Middle East concerns ebb. However, gold has risen to 6 month highs as the QE measures taken globally seem likely to stoke pent up inflation.
The Dow Jones Industrial Index fell by just 14 points to 13579.47 this week, while the S&P 500 sagged by 5 points to 1460.15. The Nasdaq put on 6 points to end the week at 2861.64. In Europe the FTSE shed 63 points to close on 21 September at 5852.62.
The BoJ’s move is clearly part of a concerted and pre-arranged global effort to stimulate the economy. However, domestic demand remains subdued. Massive boosting of money supply by QER, and the relaxing of monetary policy, would be expected to devalue a currency. However, when all central banks are taking similar action, surely devaluation will remain a pipe dream – a new state of multi-devalued currencies will exist and equilibrium remain at a lower level.
I expect that the overall idea is to excite the housing markets, and promote further building (as seen in the US). If house prices can recover, then this will generate a healthier sentiment among consumers and promote economic growth. The problem is, we’re seeing a recovering housing market in the US but with no follow through to the wider economy and job creation.
I have to question if the world’s governments are simply putting off the inevitable and moving us more slowly and more painfully to another, even deeper and harmful, financial crisis, when the world realises the extent of the new debt build-up coupled with pent up inflation.
Saturday, April 21, 2012
As it's approaching my 25th wedding anniversary, I;ve started to think about the kind of present that I'd like my wife to buy for me! OK, I know that 25 years is all about silver, but I was thinking about something that would look just as smart but at the same time be a little bit different. And that got me thinking about tungsten - a metal that I first came across during a misspent youth playing darts.
What better present could there be than a ring made from a material that reminds me of my youth, before I tied the knot! So, I got to thinking about the advantages of a tungsten ring over, say, silver, gold, or platinum. Read More.
What better present could there be than a ring made from a material that reminds me of my youth, before I tied the knot! So, I got to thinking about the advantages of a tungsten ring over, say, silver, gold, or platinum. Read More.
Friday, March 16, 2012
Apple Shares Currently Have Greater Downside Risk Than Upside Potential
So, you hold Apple (AAPL) stock. But what you want to know is whether you should continue to hold, or sell. After seeing such a rise in the share price as we have over the past few weeks, I'd want to know the same thing. And the truth is that no one will be able to tell you with any certainty. If you sell now, for sure you'll have banked a healthy profit. But if the share price rises another 10%, then you might be kicking yourself. Similarly, if the company were to announce a massive single special dividend, selling now would mean you miss that.
But how about putting a trade on that will protect you against a fall in the market, whilst also taking advantage of a further rise toward $600 and keeping the option of receiving the dividend (should one be announced)? Read More
Published 5th March 2012
Why the Markets will tread water for the next 10 years
Borrowed Growth is unsustainable
Borrowed Growth is unsustainable
Personal and business failure can be attributed to one single four-letter word. If products don't sell, or strikes hit production, or fraudulent activity harms the balance sheet, there will be one overriding issue that leads to the collapse of a business. Similarly, if an individual loses his job, or sees his mortgage payments or rent rise, or suffers uninsured losses then he may face bankruptcy because of a single issue.
That single issue, for both businesses and individuals, is debt. Read more
published March 12th 2012
published March 12th 2012